By Leslie A. Schuster
During this research of the existence and paintings of Saint-Nazaire's shipbuilding employees within the 30 years earlier than global battle I, Schuster exhibits that the results of business creation for staff differed sharply in accordance with their assets and studies. She info the competing identities and divergent values maintained by way of shipbuilding employees, demonstrating that they have been fostered through the interplay among kingdom courses, business creation, and the traditions pursued within the neighborhood realm. 3rd Republic monetary guidelines for shipbuilding promoted unemployment and employee dependence on country officers over union leaders, and the asymmetric program of capitalist equipment of creation intended a number of place of work reviews that extra undercut organization.
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Additional info for A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910
64. CGM AH, CGM GG5 209 "Note," 15 December 1881. 65. ADLA 1M2309 "Sous-Prefet," August 1861; Fernand Gueriff, "Histoire du quartier de Mean-Penhouet et des anciens chantiers de la construction navale en bois," Bulletin de la Societe Archeologique et Historique de Nantes (1961): 92-94. Wages at the new Saint-Nazaire yard were also higher than at Nantes and, for some trades, higher than at Bordeaux. Mederic-Clement Lechalas, Nantes et la Loire (Nantes: C. Mellinet, 1870), 17. 66. AN 9AQ3 "Generale Ordinaire 1864"; ADLA 1M2309 "Sous-Prefet," 6 August 1861; Nicholas Faucier, Les Ouvriers de Saint-Nazaire, un siecle de luttes, de revokes, de dependance (Paris: Les Editions Syndicalistes, 1976), 13-14; Barbance, SaintNazaire, 367-368.
They attracted thousands of participants and may have been the only occasions when workers and bourgeoisie gathered for the same event, though festival planners took care to segregate the two classes with different activities. The launching of Penhouet's first vessel, the Imperatrice-Eugenie, became the occasion for the city's first major celebration in 1864. 98 In 1907 festivities to celebrate the new port entry drew 10,000 people. Three days of events followed, featuring parades, ballooning displays, An Industry Builds a Town 27 competitions, and a shipside banquet for government officials.
Penhouet ranked third with 67 vessels. The Loire's production line included sailing ships, cruisers, tugboats, gunboats, battleships, and passenger steamships. Latty, Regime de la Construction, 250; Societe Anonyme des Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire, (Paris, 1910), 16-20. 61. ADLA 1M2128-2 "Situation Industrielle," 1882; ADLA 1M2130 "Situation Industrielle," March 1885, January 1886; AN F24513 "Situation Industrielle," 1883. Employment in the yards appears to have peaked at 4,500 in 1887. 62.