A Quick Guide to Pipeline Engineering by D Alkazraji

By D Alkazraji

Pipeline engineering calls for an realizing of quite a lot of subject matters. Operators needs to consider a variety of pipeline codes and criteria, calculation techniques, and reference fabrics so one can make exact and trained decisions.

A speedy consultant to Pipeline Engineering presents concise, easy-to-use, and obtainable details on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering. subject matters lined comprise: layout; development; checking out; operation and upkeep; and decommissioning.

Basic ideas are mentioned and transparent counsel on rules is supplied, in a manner that may end up beneficial to either engineers and students.

  • Provides concise, easy-to-use, and obtainable info on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering
  • Topics lined comprise layout, development, checking out, operation, upkeep and decommissioning
  • Basic ideas are mentioned and transparent tips on laws is provided

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Design Approach include where the coating has started to form ‘holidays’, trapping moisture between the pipe surface and coating. The pipeline coating must have a number of characteristics, such as: . thermal stability (will not deform under high operating temperatures); . impermeability to water and moisture; . chemical stability (does not degrade owing to chemical reaction with soil or surroundings); . ease of use; . economical. 7 shows the typical coating methods for onshore and offshore pipelines.

Areas typically requiring protection for onshore pipelines include road crossings, rail crossings or other sensitive areas. 8 Pipeline impact protection increased shipping activity. Concrete mattress protection is often used for offshore pipelines. This has a number of purposes including: . weight coating (negative buoyancy); . impact protection. Since the pipeline is submerged, concrete coating provides negative buoyancy to prevent the pipeline from floating to the surface. In addition, this coating acts as impact protection during its operational life to protect against damage from: .

2 Commissioning After the hydrotest, the next stage is to dry the pipeline to ensure that no water remains on the internal pipe wall or at low spots along the pipe route. On a long-distance pipeline, even a thin film of water will amount to tonnes of remaining water. If water or moisture is left within the pipeline, it can cause a number of problems including: 48 Pressure Testing and Commissioning . Formation of hydrates in ‘sweet’ gas pipelines. Pitting corrosion caused by ‘sweet’ corrosion, where carbon dioxide dissolves in the water, forming carbonic acid.

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